Geography – Hong Kong

Hong Kong, a small Asian Island, located where the Pearl River meets the South China Sea, about 60km east of Macau Island. All the three sides are encircled by South China and to the North, it borders the city of Shenzhen in Guangdong Province over the Sham Chun River.

Hong Kong is ruled by Special Administrative Region (SAR).The Hong Kong territory consists of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula,Lantau Island and the New Territories as well as a cluster of 260 islands, most of them are uninhabited. Though areawise the biggest island is Lantau, Hong Kong Island has more population.
Hong Kong Harbour is one of the world’s deepest natural harbours, which made easy for container ships to access to the port. Both the New Territories and Kowloon are located on the Chinese mainland. The Victoria Harbour connects Hong Kong Island to the main land.

In the New Territories under SAR administration, the highest mountain is Tai Mo Shan reaches 957m (3,140ft) above sea level. In Hong Kong Island the Victoria Peak (552m/1811ft) is the highest one.

The Northern area of Hong Kong called Central is noted for is cluster of high rising buildings. The Kowloon area is not behind, it has a good number of Skyscrapers. The Hong Kong is more or less a commercial city.

Latitude and Longitude
Located south of the Tropic of Cancer, Hong Kong is similar latitudes as Calcutta, Havana and Hawaii, and sharing the same longitude as Bali and Perth.

Strategic Location
Hong Kong is located in between the South China Sea,Taiwan Straits, and the Pacific Ocean make it a strategically important sea port in the globe. As it is a naturally deep port, ships of small and big size can easily come close to the main land.

Geologists says the land beneath Hong Kong is of volcanic terra firma. Hills of various heights dominate the landscape. Most part of New Territories and Kowloon and are flat areas.Backbone of Hong Kong is a crest lining from the northeast to southwest. The Southern coast has some luxury residential structures and nice beaches like Repulse Baysand Stanley. There is a connecting tunnel between North and South shores. The lowest peak is Lo Chau Mun at 66 meters whereas the Highest peak in Hong Kong is Ta Mo Shan, located in central New Territories at 957 meters. It witnessed only minor seismic activities though Hong Kong is located on volcanic plains, occasionally causing tremors. So far no major earthquakes were reported, the one was back in 1874, with a magnitude of 5.75 on the Richter scale.

There are alluvial plains in the New Territories which is used of agricultural activities. But it only consists of 6% of the total land.


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