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Fairs and Festivals
Bangladesh is a vivid country which is extensively affluent in cultural values and traditions. The fascinating culture is showcased in the fairs and festivals that the country celebrates. The nation leaves no reason to celebrate. There are various festivals of this country which are celebrated with extensive zeal and fervor. The nation is accustomed to socio-economic changes in structure. This also influences some festivals but there are those primary festivals of the place which are deeply rooted in the society. Such festivals do not seize to entertain people. From generations to generations, these festivals are celebrated and carried forward for celebrations in the future too. These festivals have some significant mark of the community of this nation. However, the festivals can be categorized religion,politics, culture or patriotism.
The festivals are celebrated since pre-ancient times. The primitive society originated these festivals out of certain theories like prayer for food, well being etc. which further hold significance. The festival includes certain ancient rituals which not only looks intriguing but are significant. Some of the festivals include rituals related to agriculture, religion and cultural well being. The dates on which the festival is celebrated are decided according to the lunar calendar. Almost every festival of the place has some history behind its emergence and is celebrated with inexplicable spirits and zest. The fairs, on the other hand, are part of cultural traditions. The fairs bring the people together irrespective of their community. Such social gatherings not only bring joy among the people but harmony too. Some of the prime festivals and fairs of the county are:
Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Azha
Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Azhaare the main Muslim festivals celebrated by the dominant population. Eid-ul-Fitr is related to Ramadan. It is being celebrated after the 30-day fasting of the pious month of Ramadan. It is not just a festival as throughout the 30-day fasting the country organizesincredibly vivid Eid - fairs at almost every city, starting every evening till late at night. However, the main primary fair is held prior to the day of festival which goes all the way from day to night till three days. The festival is celebrated with utmost enthusiasm and passion in the country. Eid-ul-Azha is a festival but it is considered as a sacrificial day as on this day animals are sacrificed because of some religious significance.
Durga Puja is another primary festival which is celebrated by the Hindu population of the country. The festival showcases great devotion towards the Hindu goddess – Durga. It is the biggest Hindu festival which is celebrated here. The festival comprises cultural as well as religious significance. The festival is celebrated for ten days. However, the main Puja is performed on the last three days of the ten days – seventh, eighth and ninth day. The tenth day witnesses the immersions of the Durga idols. This festival, too, is followed by Fairs which are organized throughout the ten days of Durga Puja.
Christmas and Buddha Purnimaare some other festivals which are celebrated in the country for Christians and Buddhists respectively. Bangla New Year's Day, Language Martyrs' Day, Independence Day (March 26) and Victory Day (December 16) are celebrated with extensive zeal and fervor, throughout the country, without any religious constraints.